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  • 新东方网>英语>新概念>新概念第三册>正文

    新概念英语第三册重点语法小结:独立主格结构

    2015-03-18 10:53

    来源:新东方网

    作者:

      此独立形式只是一个小短语,而不是主谓完整的简单句,又称之为独立分词构句。当分词意义上的主语不是主句的主语时,必须在分词前保留意义上的主语,否则语意不通。(定义有点费解,多看几遍)

      示例:

      Being ill in bed, I can't go to school.

      Mother being ill in bed, I can't go to school.

      (1) 独立主结构形式可用以表时间,理由,条件,伴随状态等

      He lay on the grass, the sun shining upon him.

      = He lay on the grass, and the sun was shining upon him.

      Weather permitting, I'll start tomorrow.

      = If weather permits, I'll start tomorrow.

      School being over, the boys went home.

      = When school was over, the boys went home.

      The sun having set, we arrived at the station.

      = After the sun had set, we arrived at the station.

      王牌重点:当独立主格结构的主语表示“一般人?#20445;?#22914;:we, one, you时,主语可省略,此用法常用于下列表达方式中:

      generally speaking 一般来说

      strictly speaking 严格地说

      talking of ... 谈到

      speaking of ... 说到

      judging from ... 由……来判断

      taking all things into consideration 把一切都考虑在内

      considering ... 考虑到……

      [示例]:

      If we judge from his face, he must be ill.

      = Judging from his face, he must be ill.

      He has lots of books if we consider that he is young.

      = He has lots of books, considering that he is young.

      (2)with 复合结构也是独立主格结构形式之一。这种结构在句中作状语(表示原因,方式,伴随等)和定语,作定语时紧随被修饰名词后。

      1.with+ 名词 + 介词短语:

      The woman with a baby on her back is my sister.

      The boy rushed into the room, with his schoolbag in his hand.

      2.with + 名词 + adj.

      with the door open, he left the classroom.

      3.with + 名词 + adv.

      With the gloves off, she felt cold.

      With the lights on, the building looks beautiful.

      4.with + 名词 + 现在分词(主动)

      with + 名词 + 过去分词(被动)

      Withthe guide leading us, we got to the village.

      The boy was crying with the vase broken.

      5.with + 名词 + ?#27426;?#24335;

      With the hard work to be done, we have to prepare for it.

      更多精彩内容 >> 新东方网英语频道 

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