• <bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo>
  • <menu id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></menu>
  • <bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo><bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo>
    <sup id="oe4m2"><bdo id="oe4m2"></bdo></sup>
  • 新東方網>英語>新概念>新概念第三冊>正文

    新概念英語第三冊重點語法小結:獨立主格結構

    2015-03-18 10:53

    來源:新東方網

    作者:

      此獨立形式只是一個小短語,而不是主謂完整的簡單句,又稱之為獨立分詞構句。當分詞意義上的主語不是主句的主語時,必須在分詞前保留意義上的主語,否則語意不通。(定義有點費解,多看幾遍)

      示例:

      Being ill in bed, I can't go to school.

      Mother being ill in bed, I can't go to school.

      (1) 獨立主結構形式可用以表時間,理由,條件,伴隨狀態等

      He lay on the grass, the sun shining upon him.

      = He lay on the grass, and the sun was shining upon him.

      Weather permitting, I'll start tomorrow.

      = If weather permits, I'll start tomorrow.

      School being over, the boys went home.

      = When school was over, the boys went home.

      The sun having set, we arrived at the station.

      = After the sun had set, we arrived at the station.

      王牌重點:當獨立主格結構的主語表示“一般人”,如:we, one, you時,主語可省略,此用法常用于下列表達方式中:

      generally speaking 一般來說

      strictly speaking 嚴格地說

      talking of ... 談到

      speaking of ... 說到

      judging from ... 由……來判斷

      taking all things into consideration 把一切都考慮在內

      considering ... 考慮到……

      [示例]:

      If we judge from his face, he must be ill.

      = Judging from his face, he must be ill.

      He has lots of books if we consider that he is young.

      = He has lots of books, considering that he is young.

      (2)with 復合結構也是獨立主格結構形式之一。這種結構在句中作狀語(表示原因,方式,伴隨等)和定語,作定語時緊隨被修飾名詞后。

      1.with+ 名詞 + 介詞短語:

      The woman with a baby on her back is my sister.

      The boy rushed into the room, with his schoolbag in his hand.

      2.with + 名詞 + adj.

      with the door open, he left the classroom.

      3.with + 名詞 + adv.

      With the gloves off, she felt cold.

      With the lights on, the building looks beautiful.

      4.with + 名詞 + 現在分詞(主動)

      with + 名詞 + 過去分詞(被動)

      Withthe guide leading us, we got to the village.

      The boy was crying with the vase broken.

      5.with + 名詞 + 不定式

      With the hard work to be done, we have to prepare for it.

      更多精彩內容 >> 新東方網英語頻道 

      全國新東方英語課程搜索


    (責任編輯:何瑩瑩)



    官方微信:新東方英語?(微信號:xdfyyw

    聽說讀寫譯學習方法、英美劇最新資訊,請掃二維碼,關注我們!?

    猜你喜歡

    • 聽力
    • 口語
    • 閱讀
    • 娛樂
    • 詞匯
    • 寫作

              新東方英語輔導專區

              班級名稱 上課地點 上課時間 費用 詳細

              焦點推薦

              精品直播

              版權及免責聲明

              凡本網注明"稿件來源:新東方"的所有文字、圖片和音視頻稿件,版權均屬新東方教育科技集團(含本網和新東方網) 所有,任何媒體、網站或個人未經本網協議授權不得轉載、鏈接、轉貼或以其他任何方式復制、發表。已經本網協議授權的媒體、網站,在下載使用時必須注明"稿件來源:新東方",違者本網將依法追究法律責任。

              本網未注明"稿件來源:新東方"的文/圖等稿件均為轉載稿,本網轉載僅基于傳遞更多信息之目的,并不意味著贊同轉載稿的觀點或證實其內容的真實性。如其他媒體、網站或個人從本網下載使用,必須保留本網注明的"稿件來源",并自負版權等法律責任。如擅自篡改為"稿件來源:新東方",本網將依法追究法律責任。

              如本網轉載稿涉及版權等問題,請作者見稿后在兩周內速來電與新東方網聯系,電話:010-60908555。

              熱搜關鍵詞
              大乐透玩法介绍
            • <bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo>
            • <menu id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></menu>
            • <bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo><bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo>
              <sup id="oe4m2"><bdo id="oe4m2"></bdo></sup>
            • <bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo>
            • <menu id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></menu>
            • <bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo><bdo id="oe4m2"><samp id="oe4m2"></samp></bdo>
              <sup id="oe4m2"><bdo id="oe4m2"></bdo></sup>