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  • 新東方網>英語>新概念>新概念第三冊>正文

    新概念英語第三冊重點語法小結:虛擬語氣

    2015-03-18 10:55

    來源:新東方網

    作者:

      虛擬語氣用來表達不可能或難以實現的愿望,與事實相反的假設,通常分為基本的三種形式。

      1. 與現在事實相反的虛擬:

      If + did / were + ..., ... would

      should

      could + do (動詞原形)

      might

      If I were you, I would go abroad at once. (I am not you.)

      If he knew it now, he could help me. (He doesn't know it now.)

      2. 與過去事實相反的虛擬:

      If + had done + ..., ... would (might) have done ...

      If I had known your telephone number yesterday, I would have phoned you.

      (I didn't know your telephone number.)

      If you had come here a littleearlier just now, you might have met her.

      (You didn't come here earlier.)

      3. 與將來事實相反的虛擬:

      (1) If + should + v., ... would + v.

      (可能性很小)(譯作“萬一”)

      If it should rain tomorrow, you could stay at home.

      If I should fail, what should Ido?

      (2) If + did / were to + v ..., would + v.

      (完全不可能)

      If the sun were to rise in the west, I would lend you the money.

      If you finished it in 3 minutes, I would give you my car.

      4. 金牌特殊重點:!!

      [簡單聯想記憶]:

      ● 下列動詞后的“賓語從句”中需要用虛擬形式,即should + 動詞原形,shoud在美國英語中要省略(TOEFL語法考點)。此類常見的動詞有:

      order, ask, decide, demand, require, recommend, suggest(建議)insist(堅決要求),advise, etc.

      例句:He suggested that we (should) help them with English.

      The teacher ordered that the homework (should) be finished within half an hour.

      ● 下列名詞后的同位語從句中要用“should + 動詞原形”(should可省去)的虛擬。

      suggestion, order, request, demand, importance, proposal.

      He made a suggestion that we (should) have a fancy dress party.

      I think it is a thing of importance that it (should) be done soon.

      ● It is / was important / necessary / natural / essential / advisable / strange / surprising, ect. + that +主語+ should + v.

      It is strange that you should say such a thing.

      It was important that you should tell me all the information.

      ● wish后的賓語從句中,as if 后的狀語從句中,須用下列的虛擬形式:

      主 + wish+ (that) + 主 + did / were(指現在)

      had done(指過去)

      would+ v.(指將來)

      Iwishthat I met my uncle now.

      IwishI had met my uncle yesterday.

      IwishI could meet my uncle tomorrow.

      ● It is (high) time that ... + did / were ...

      It is time that you went to bed.

      ● would rather that ... + did / were ...

      I would rather that you were not here now.

      ● would sooner that ... + did / were ...

      I would sooner that you got up earlier.

      I would sooner that you were not my brother.

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