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  • 新東方網>英語>新概念>新概念第三冊>正文

    新概念英語第三冊重點語法小結:倒裝

    2015-03-18 10:56

    來源:新東方網

    作者:

      根據語法要求,把謂語動詞置于主語前,稱為完全倒裝,把助動詞或情態動詞置于主語前,稱為部分倒裝。

      1.副詞如:in, out, down, there, here, off, over, away, etc. 句子倒裝。(完全倒裝,但主語不能是代詞)

      Down jumped the murderer from the tenth floor.

      In came Miss Green.

      (特別注意:當主語是人稱代詞時不倒裝。)

      Away she went!(她走了!)

      Here you are!(你在這兒!)

      2.only + 副詞(介詞短語)位于句首,句子要倒裝。

      Only then did he realize that he was mistaken.

      Only by working hard can we succeed in doing anything.

      3.well, so, often, such, few, little 放于句首,句子形成倒裝。

      So fine was the weather that we all went out lying in the sun.

      Well did I know him and well did he know me.

      4.否定詞或具有否定意義的詞及詞組用在句首時,句子須倒裝。此類詞有: neither,nor,hardly,scarcely, rarely,seldom,not,never,not only,barely,at no time,nowhere等。

      e.g. — Jack could not swim.

      — Neither could Tom.

      Never have I seen such a good movie.

      5.as引導讓步狀語從句,須倒裝。(準確地說,是將需要強調的詞提到as的前面。)

      Rich as he is, he spends a cent on charity.

      Try as he does, he never seems able to do the work beautifully.

      6.在表示祝愿的句子中。

      May you make greater progress! (愿你取得更大進步!)

      7.在虛擬條件句中,連詞if省略時,句型要倒裝,即將were, had, should等詞提到句首。

      Were I you, I would go abroad to take advanced study.

      我要是你,就出國進修了。

      Should he come tomorrow, he would help us to settle the problem.

      他要是明天來的話,他會幫我們解決這個問題的。

      Were they here now, they could help us.

      = If they were here now, they could help us.

      Had you come earlier, you would have met him

      = If you had come earlier, you would have met him.

      Should it rain, the crops would be saved.

      = Were it to rain, the crops would be saved.注意:

      在虛擬語氣的從句中,動詞'be'的過去時態一律用"were",不用was, 即在從句中be用were代替。

      If I were you, I would go to look for him. 如果我是你,就會去找他。

      If he were here, everything would be all right. 如果他在這兒,一切都會好的。典型例題

      _____ to do the work, I should do it some other day.

      A. If were I B. I were C. Were I D. Was I

      答案C. 在虛擬條件狀語中如果有were, should, had這三個詞,通常將if省略,主語提前, 變成 were, should, had +主語的形式。但要注意,在虛擬條件狀語從句中,省略連詞的倒裝形式的句首不能用動詞的縮略形式。如我們可說 Were I not to do., 而不能說 Weren't I to do.

      8.百分特例重點:

      Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we want.

      (NCE Book III Lesson 26)

      盡管我們為自己的絕好鑒賞力感到自豪,但我們已經無法自由地選擇我們所需要的東西了。

      更多精彩內容 >> 新東方網英語頻道 

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