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  • 新东方网>英语>新概念>新概念第三册>正文

    新概念英语第三册重点语法小结:倒装

    2015-03-18 10:56

    来源:新东方网

    作者:

      根据语法要求,把谓语动词置于主语前,称为完全倒装,把助动词或情态动词置于主语前,称为部分倒装。

      1.副词如:in, out, down, there, here, off, over, away, etc. 句子倒装。(完全倒装,但主语不能是代词)

      Down jumped the murderer from the tenth floor.

      In came Miss Green.

      (特别注意:当主语是人称代词时不倒装。)

      Away she went!(她走了!)

      Here you are!(你在这儿!)

      2.only + 副词(介词短语)位于句首,句子要倒装。

      Only then did he realize that he was mistaken.

      Only by working hard can we succeed in doing anything.

      3.well, so, often, such, few, little 放于句首,句?#26377;?#25104;倒装。

      So fine was the weather that we all went out lying in the sun.

      Well did I know him and well did he know me.

      4.否定词或具有否定意义的词及词组用在句?#36164;保?#21477;?#26377;?#20498;装。此类词有: neither,nor,hardly,scarcely, rarely,seldom,not,never,not only,barely,at no time,nowhere等。

      e.g. — Jack could not swim.

      — Neither could Tom.

      Never have I seen such a good movie.

      5.as引导让步状语从句,须倒装。(准确地说,是将需要强调的词提到as的前面。)

      Rich as he is, he spends a cent on charity.

      Try as he does, he never seems able to do the work beautifully.

      6.在表示祝愿的句子?#23567;?

      May you make greater progress! (愿你取得更大进步!)

      7.在虚拟条件句中,连词if省略时,句型要倒装,即将were, had, should等词提到句首。

      Were I you, I would go abroad to take advanced study.

      我要是你,就出国进修了。

      Should he come tomorrow, he would help us to settle the problem.

      他要是明天来的话,他会帮我们解决这个问题的。

      Were they here now, they could help us.

      = If they were here now, they could help us.

      Had you come earlier, you would have met him

      = If you had come earlier, you would have met him.

      Should it rain, the crops would be saved.

      = Were it to rain, the crops would be saved.注意:

      在虚拟语气的从句中,动词'be'的过去时态一律用"were",不用was, 即在从句中be用were代替。

      If I were you, I would go to look for him. 如果我是你,就会去找他。

      If he were here, everything would be all right. 如果他在这儿,一切都会好的。典型例题

      _____ to do the work, I should do it some other day.

      A. If were I B. I were C. Were I D. Was I

      答案C. 在虚拟条件状语中如果有were, should, had这三个词,通常将if省略,主语提前, 变成 were, should, had +主语的形式。但要注意,在虚拟条件状语从句中,省略连词的倒装形式的句首不能用动词的缩略形式。如我们可说 Were I not to do., 而不能说 Weren't I to do.

      8.百分特例重点:

      Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we want.

      (NCE Book III Lesson 26)

      尽管我们为自己的绝好鉴赏力感到自豪,但我们已经无法自由地选择我们所需要的东西了。

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