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  • 新東方網>英語>新概念>新概念第三冊>正文

    跟新概念英語三冊學寫作:怎樣環保減少污染

    2015-09-01 15:26

    來源:滬江

    作者:

      大家還記得新概念英語第三冊Lesson47里各式各樣的污染嗎?空氣污染、噪音污染、水質污染……沒錯,我們就生活在這樣一個充斥著各種污染的環境中。不過別喪氣,我們還是可以通過自己的日常行動做出一些改變的!本文就帶大家看看減少污染的小方法~~

      Pollution is one of the biggest environmental problems that could directly affect your family. Air pollution exacerbates, and sometimes causes, health problems, water pollution rends tap water undrinkable and soil pollution can introduce toxins to a variety of food products. Pollution affects wildlife and plant growth even more profoundly. Although pollution is too big of a problem for even the most eco-conscious person to solve alone, there are a number of simple steps you can add to your everyday routine to help stop pollution. You don't have to have a lot of time or money to make a difference.

      污染是最大的環境問題之一,它可以直接影響你的家庭。空氣污染會使健康問題惡化,有時甚至會直接導致疾病;水體污染致使自來水不能飲用;土壤污染會把毒素帶入各種食品。污染對野生動植物的生長甚至有更深遠的影響。即使是最具環保意識的人,污染看起來都是無法靠個人解決的大問題。但是在日常生活中,我們可以采取一些簡單的行動來幫助制止污染。您不必花費很多的時間和金錢,就可以實現改變。

          Instructions

      1. Drive less to help reduce air pollution. Motor vehicles are one of the major causes of local air pollution in the United States. Cycle or walk when you can, use public transport and organize car pool schemes. You can also look into replacing your vehicle with a fuel efficient, environmentally-conscious model. Using less fuel both reduces emissions, and helps to reduce the world's demand for oil. Extracting oil from the earth often creates a lot of pollution byproduct in and of itself.

      少開車,以幫助減少空氣污染。汽車是造成美國本土空氣污染的主要成因之一。盡可能騎自行車或步行,多使用公共交通工具,并制定拼車計劃。你也可以考慮換一部燃料效率高的環保型車。使用較少的燃料,不僅可以減少廢氣排放,而且有助于減少世界對石油的需求。從地里提取石油本身往往產生大量的污染副產品。2

      2. Reduce your use of harsh cleaning chemicals to reduce water pollution. Many household chemicals are toxic if introduced into the stream system, and some, such as phosphate detergents, contribute to algal blooms. Use natural or eco-friendly alternatives, such as vinegar for cleaning and phosphate-free laundry detergents. Use the smallest amount of product that you can to reduce the chance of contamination.

      減少使用硬質的化學清潔劑,以減少水污染。許多的家庭化學制品,如果流入水系是有毒的;還有一些化學制品,如磷酸鹽洗滌劑,會導致藻類大量繁殖。使用天然或環保的替代品,如清潔專用的醋和無磷洗衣劑。盡量使用最小劑量的產品,就可以降低水質受污染的幾率。3

      3. Limit the use of pesticides and fertilizers in your garden. According to Colorado State University, home gardeners often uses more chemicals per acre than intensive farmers without even realizing what they are doing. The chemicals in these products, which are usually applied directly onto the soil, can contribute to serious soil and water pollution problems. Use organic alternatives where possible and save the chemicals for emergencies.

      在花園里少使用農藥和化肥。據科羅拉多州立大學研究表明,家庭園丁每畝使用的化學物質往往比工作量大的農民還要多,他們甚至沒有意識到自己在做什么。這些產品中的化學物質,通常是被直接灑到土壤中的,它們會導致嚴重的土壤污染和水質污染。盡可能使用有機替代品,把化學物品存著以防不時之需。4

      4. Recycle, reuse or compost everything you can. Recycling reduces pollution in several ways. Extracting raw materials often causes soil and water pollution. The energy for making items from scratch consumes fossil fuels, and adds to air pollution. Landfills, where most discarded goods wind up, are often full of toxins as well, and the air and land surrounding them is often heavily polluted.

      把你能得到的一切物品回收、再利用或做成堆肥使用。回收在很多方面都能減少污染。提取原料往往會造成土壤和水的污染。從頭開始制造消耗礦物燃料,而且會加重空氣污染。而大部分被丟棄物品壽終正寢的場所——垃圾填埋場,也往往充滿了有毒物質,填埋場周圍的空氣和土地也是受了嚴重污染的。5

      5. Dispose of hazardous and chemical waste appropriately. Hazard waste includes batteries, used motor oil, unwanted paint and solvents. A local government website should have instructions on appropriate disposal in your area. Some forms of hazardous waste, including motor oil and batteries, are recyclable. Placing these items in with ordinary trash can cause a host of negative environmental consequences.

      恰當地處理危險的化學廢棄物。危險廢品包括電池、用過的機油、以及多余的涂料和溶劑。當地政府網站上應該對你所在區域如何處理這些廢品有相關說明。某些形式的有害廢物,包括機油和電池,是可回收的。將這些物品與普通垃圾放在一起會對環境造成很多負面影響。

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